Change Gospel Magazine March 2018

The March 2018 edition of Change Gospel Magazine is now here with the Theme of  the Month ” Your Journey, Your Path” You can read  Melinda GrimmageLawrence’s article ” It’s Spring Time” on Page 10. You are in a treat by reading an article about  Gospel Artist Phillip Carter on Pages 13 and 14. My article about Joy Ohagwu’s Book “RED” on pages 18 and 19 and Many More articles in the Change Gospel online Magazine at: 1.when you get to the website, scroll down a bit until you see this Months issue of the Magazine. 2. Click on the Magazine and it will then open. 3. After it opens, go to the LOWER RIGHT CORNER of the page and click, the pages will turn. Thank you. 

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Time Is Actually On Your Side

Like the Rolling Stones sang, “Time is on my side.” Time is actually your friend. Before you can understand this truth you have to recognize that within the time period between your promise given and your promise received, you can be engaged in the process of maturation. Many people miss this vital lesson and never actualize the full meaning and purpose of waiting within time. Jesus, the master storyteller, once told a story about wise and foolish virgins that illustrates this point.

Bayard Rustin

Rustin was one of MLK’s key advisors and he’s considered the architect of the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom in 1963.

It was Rustin who mentored King on the philosophy of nonviolent resistance and advised him on strategies for civil disobedience.

Yet, Civil Rights leaders considered Rustin’s sexuality to be a “distraction.” No doubt, this sentiment followed Rustin’s powerful legacy and obscured his vital role in the movement.

Rustin was an expert in organizing protests by the time he met Dr. King, and assisted in organizing the boycott of segregated buses in Montgomery, Alabama in 1956.

Until his death in 1987, Rustin fought for racial justice, economic equality, and gay and lesbian rights!

Bayard Rustin’s courage and perseverance in the fight for equality is embedded into the fabric of the Black community, and we should spread his inspiring vision.

How Can I Fight Fear and Anxiety? Using The Words That Work

Title: How Can I Fight Fear And Anxiety? Using The Words That Work

Author: P. L. Peace 

Publisher: Philodeus Press

Number of Pages: 42

What a tremendous blessing the “Words that work” series of books has been to me and my family. They are very powerful little books and that power comes from the Word of God each book contains. Each of us needs reassurance and help in different seasons in our lives and these books provide just that. I recommend them highly and without reservation.

Can you be completely victorious over fear, anxiety and worry? Everytime? All the time? 

Book Review About How Can I Fight Fear And Anxiety? Using The Words That Work

“How Can I Fight Fear And Anxiety? – Using The Words That Works” is an awesome book that will empowers victory over your life. I can truly say that this Author, P.L. Peace created this book in the purpose using the Words of God to have the power to produce victory in the heart and life of the readers. Although in order for the Words of God to have the power to change us and our circumstances, we must know exactly what we believe. We can believe in God and Jesus Christ. Yes it is great that we do but it isn’t enough. We must surrender our lives to Christ and Thou Shall be saved. In the Book of James, the second Chapter, and the nineteen verse mentioned ” Thou believes that there is one God; thou doest well: the devil also believe, and tremble.” We must be saved because then we have the legal right (as a Child of the King) to use the Word of God with authority and power, and God will back it up.

The Word of God is our formidable arsenal that is the Sword of the Spirit. It also represents the Angels as ministers to theirs of Salvation and the all- wise Holy Spirit as the Comforter and Adviser. With all of this on our side, we are invincible. We must be encourage. I know when I read through the entire scriptures that was provided. I am actually planted a powerful seed. I will continue to water that seed with the Words of God ( The Living Water) and Prayers (Mecidines). 

Three different names that are in essence, the polar opposite of peace and faith are Fear, Worry and Anxiety. They are horrible, oppressing, and panicky feeling. I can relate because I had a panic attack in 2014 during the Summer. I suffer from Depression, PTSD and Anxiety. At that time I was facing being homeless from losing everything after being laid off from my job of 18 years at Morgan Stanley. I also dealing with challenges from my so called friends caused me to be so stressed out. I decided to go to the emergency room at Kings County Hospital. They gave me a hard time going off on me mentioned, we just discharge you on Friday and now you are back today I told them that I am not getting any better. They told me, we send you to the Homeless Shelter. I told them that it is a shelter for the homeless and not a hospital or clinic. I thank God that I decided to go back to the hospital. If I haven’t, I probably would have been dead. I advocate for myself for decent medical and mental treatment. I didn’t know that I had High Blood Pressure. My pressure was over 200 and I should have been dead. It was the Grace of God that I am still here. I was hospitalized about two months and I made sure that I read the Books of Psalm on a daily basis. I thought I lost my faith but I actually let my Faith goes into action. The doctors and nurses and Social Worker couldn’t tear me down because of my Faith In God. I spoke life into existence and claim the victory. After my stay in the hospital and my journey of recovery, I got rid of all of those dead weight that was holding me back. I let go of so called friends because they weren’t doing me any good. Today I am a published Author, an advocate for Mental Health and a Mental Health Peer Specialist at Metropolitan Hospital in NYC. Regardless of the storms of life are raging but it is only temporary. God will clear the storms in our lives. I am a living testimony.  I recommend Everyone to read this book for yourself. I am going to read this book again as my Bible Study Guide since there are a lot of scriptures to back up the title of this book. I am also going to is this book in my line of Career as a Mental Health Peer Specialist to teach my clients during our recovery group. I am going to read more books like this one and by this Author. This book came just in time for me as I am starting my new chapter as a Peer Specialist. 

When Night Comes

Title: When Night Comes – A Jack Turner Suspense 

Author: Dan Walsh

Publisher: Bainbridge Press

Number of Pages: 348

Jack Turner comes back to Culpepper to give a series of lectures for his old history professor. Within days, he starts having bizarre experiences at night. Like he’s traveling back in time, experiencing the epic events in his lectures firsthand. He has no control over these experiences and can’t make them stop.

Joe Boyd thought he’d left big city crime back in Pittsburgh when he took a detective job in Culpepper, Georgia, a sleepy southern college town. His peaceful life ends when two students turn up dead in two weeks. The coroner is saying natural causes, but something doesn’t add up.

Rachel Cook, a teaching assistant at Culpepper, can’t believe Jack is back in her life again. She’s had a crush on him since she was fourteen, but Jack never knew. He instantly seems attracted to her, but she can tell…something is deeply troubling him.

Watching all this from a distance is Nigel Avery. He’s certain this experiment’s about to unravel. It’ll be his job to tie up all the loose ends when it does.

When Night Comes Book Review

When Night Comes” written by Dan Walsh is an awesome thriller book with a Christian theme. I decided to read Dan Walsh’s book “When Night Comes” because I was looking for a Christian book that had some suspense/mystery to it. This book is not preachy. It’s clean and well written with well developed Characters.This is the first book that I read by this awesome thriller author, Dan Walsh. When I saw the book cover of When Night Comes, I must mentioned, I was truly fascinated. Then when I began reading, all I can say WOW! The narrative can be called mystery, thriller, suspense and elevated tone stress and all of that would stand bonafide.  The scenery is in a small town, an upscale private college student turns up dead, but one look at the victim and it is easy to discover that something isn’t right. As I was continue with my reading “When Night Comes” the deeper the mystery be transformed into along with the rise of body count. The test subjects, although they didn’t realized they were being sued, had dreams that were tremendously authentic. As a matter of fact,  they could recall everything they experienced no matter how terrifying, creepy or strange it felt. The only person who could attest to the drugs effect was the character, Jack Turner who is a well-known author who was on campus to give some lectures on history as well as completely his latest novel. What he got was more than he bargained for with a possible romance so different from his last relationship.

“When Night Comes” caused me to continue  to turn the pages as action ramped up and the wonder of how the mystery would be solved was drawing near. The plots thicken with two of the characters was former agency man and a doctor who not only forgot his Code of Ethics but only saw the end result in dollar signs; no one else mattered.
The difficult tasks about finishing a great story like this is just that, the conclusion.  I have no idea what Dan Walsh plans next or is working on currently, but I hope he brings on more suspense type tales that engage the reader as thoroughly as this one did. The interesting part was when Jack, who was the lecturer/author, would dream it was always in the World War II time period in history. History has a way of forseen lively for those of us who weren’t around when it happened and reading it in a narrative is a little more exciting than simply a school textbook. So I encourage for those who loves reading thriller narrative then please don’t pass up this wonderful work of fiction. It entertain without scaring the audience. I don’t want to be scared; I want to be drawn into the tale and then share what I think with other readers. If you know of someone who likes mysteries, history or even suspense books, here is one to give as a gift because they won’t be disappointed!

Did You Know The Word “Slave” is in the National Anthem?

If you’ve ever felt strange about reciting the national anthem, you are not alone.

Especially considering the fact that this nation once prided itself on our ancestors’ slave labor and remains unconcerned about the lives of Black citizens. 

In 1814, Francis Scott Key wrote the Star Spangled Banner as a poem that openly celebrated the murder of enslaved Blacks.

The lyrics read: 
No refuge could save the hireling and slave
From the terror of flight or the gloom of the grave,
And the star-spangled banner in triumph doth wave
O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave.

Key’s words show his disdain for Blacks fighting for their own freedom while expressing that enslaved Blacks were destined for the grave.

Although this verse is usually not sung, the fact that it exists provides further context to how problematic the song is for Black people.

If America is ever going to be “land of the free and home of the brave” for Black people, we need to deeply understand our history.

Apostolic Mentorship

Title: Apostolic Mentorship

Author: Theresa Harvard Johnson

Publisher : Theresa Harvard Johnson

Number of Pages: 130

ISBN10: 1976319935

ISBN13: 978– 1976319938


About The Author
Theresa Harvard Johnson is the originator of the teachings on “The Scribal Anointing,” as it relates to the revelation of the OFFICE OF THE SCRIBE. She has studied Jewish history, and traced the ministry of the scribe through biblical scholarship for over 15 years, and holds a Master’s of Divinity in Biblical History from Liberty University. 

Presently, she is the founder of The Scribal Conservatory Arts & Worship Center based in Atlanta, Georgia and the Voices of Christ Apostolic Prophetic School of the Scribe. Theresa is a leading apostolic voice concerning the ministry of the prophetic scribe, scribal prophets, worship and the arts. She is a former print news journalist and holds a Master’s of Divinity in Biblical Studies from Liberty Baptist Theological Seminary.

About This Book

Finding an effective apostolic mentor can be tough, especially if you are navigating your calling as prophetic worshipper, scribe or artisan. This community is extremely unique, and stands in dire need of intimate, local, apostolic mentors who not only embrace and appreciate the beauty of creative ministry; but who also understands its changing role in the 21st century congregation. 

The wrong mentor can stifle, block or derail the creative worshippers purpose and calling. The right mentor can enhance it, and supernaturally align the mentee with destiny and purpose. 
Apostolic Mentorship: Critical Tools to Help Artisans Identify Their God Ordained Mentor provides several unique tools to help you identify the right mentor; prepare for apostolic mentorship; and avoid mentee pitfalls that can sometimes lead to counterfeits, prostitutes and hirelings instead of mentors after the heart of God. In addition, the following questions will be answered:
•What is an intimate, apostolic mentor?
•Do I need a mentor?
•What’s the purpose of a mentor?
•How can I identify spiritual abuse?
•I am being spiritual abused, what do I do?
•What is my role as a mentee?
•And so much more…

The Book Review About Apostolic Mentorship

Theresa Johnson’s book of Ministry “Apostolic Mentorship – Critical Tools to Help Aritsans Identify Their God Ordained Mentor” is definitely a must for individuals that have the desire and are looking for Apostolic Mentorship. This is a great tool for individuals who wants to be a mentor. I read and have a great Understanding of this Christian Codes of Ethics book about two weeks. I took my time in reading this book and let the words meditates in my mind. By reading this book will gives the readers the wealth of knowledge and wisdoms with details about Mentorship and the benefits of sequence with the Good Ordained Mentors. There are many Individuals that can relates to the experience of Theresa Harvard Johnson when it comes to leaders that are abusive and the mistakes that she admits openly. With her transparency can be a blessing and life lessons learned for others. In those life lessons that we can really admit that we try to do something new but at the end it just didn’t work out. We didn’t fail or quit but realized that we weren’t ready or it wasn’t meant for us to do. Theresa mentioned that some individuals isn’t ready for a spiritual mentor then nor wasn’t able to mentors others. The question we should be asking “How can we mentor someone when we aren’t willing to be mentor to? You must willing to be a student as well being a leaders. That’s growth rather it is spiritual, physically, professional or mentally. 

I believed that Theresa written this book at the right time for Individuals who are transitioning and in need of Mentorship rather it is personal, professionally or spiritual. I didn’t know what was Apostolic Mentorship or what to expect after I saw a clear picture from the writings of this anointed Woman of God. She is heaven sent and the Lord is guiding the pen for her to write an apostolic message with Bible Scriptures to teach individuals about being an apostolic Mentor. Apostolic Mentorship is one of the most powerful supernatural development and transformation. This kingdom model of development is relational experiential based. Before you decide to aligning yourself with an apostolic Mentorship, you need to read this book and others by this anointed author. She have a lots of knowledge to shares with you from her personal experiences. The Apostolic Mentorship is a spiritual procedure different and there is no short cut. It is a process that is provided by the Holy Spirit. Although the moral standards that Theresa Harvard Johnson provided in this book. I called it the Spiritual Codes of Ethics. This Spiritual Codes of Ethics should clearly put into practice in all Mentorship relationship Apostolic Mentorship can be a great Spiritual tools for both of the mentors and mentees. This is truly an on point and timely book This is a great resource for Mentorship not just for Apostolic bit other kinds of Mentorship. Mentorship is about trust, respects and be accountable. 

 After reading “Apostolic Mentorship: Critical Tools to Help Artisans Identify Their God Ordained Mentor”, I was speechless through the manifestation  throughout the entire books.. As a reader, I absorbed the text rapidly during my quiet moments of reading for a better understanding. I am going to read these chapters again. For me, these written words were so much more than matter-of-fact teaching meant to increase my knowledge of the focus of attention. To some extent, they were words of LIFE that the anointed of the Holy Spirit made very personal to me through the intimate encounter I had with Him as I digested the message.I recommend this powerful teaching manuals for EVERY believers of Jesus Christ, even if you do not believe the focus of matter in this topic applies to you. Why? Because this God breathed the anointed words is DRENCHED in the very HEART of God, our Father, through its manifestation not only of mentorship, but even more significantly, COVENANT LOVE AND RELATIONSHIP.

Edmonia Lewis: Black Women History

Edmonia Lewis

Mary Edmonia Lewis (c. July 4, 1844 – September 17, 1907) Edmonia Lewis’s birth date has been listed as July 4, 1844. She was born in Greenbush, New York, which is now the city of Rensselaer. Her father was an Afro-Haitian, while her mother was of Mississauga Ojibwe and African-American descent. Lewis’s mother was known as an excellent weaver and craftswoman, while her father was a gentleman’s servant. Her family background inspired Lewis in her later work.

By the time Lewis reached the age of nine, both of her parents had died. Her father died in 1847. Her two maternal aunts adopted her and her older half-brother Samuel. Samuel was born in 1835 to Lewis’s father and his first wife in Haiti. The family came to the United States when Samuel was a young child. Samuel became a barber at age 12 when his father died.

The children remained with their aunts near Niagara Falls for about four years. Lewis and her aunts sold Ojibwe baskets and other souvenirs, such as moccasins and blouses, to tourists visiting Niagara Falls, Toronto, and Buffalo. During this time, Lewis went by her Native American name, Wildfire, while her brother was called Sunshine.  In 1852, Samuel left for San FranciscoCalifornia, leaving Lewis in the care of a Captain S. R. Mills. Samuel provided for her board and education.

In 1856, Lewis enrolled at New-York Central College, McGrawville, a Baptist abolitionist school. During her summer term there in 1858, Lewis took classes in the Primary Department in preparation for college. In a later interview, Lewis said that she left the school after three years, having been “declared to be wild.”

Until I was twelve years old I led this wandering life, fishing and swimming… and making moccasins. I was then sent to school for three years in [McGrawville], but was declared to be wild,—they could do nothing with me.

— Edmonia Lewis

In 1859, when Edmonia Lewis was about 15 years old, her brother Samuel and abolitionists sent her to Oberlin College, one of the first U.S. higher-learning institutions to admit women and people of differing ethnicities. She changed her name to Mary Edmonia Lewis  and began to study art. Lewis boarded with Reverend John Keep and his wife from 1859 until she left the college in 1863. Reverend Keep was white, a member of the board of trustees, an avid abolitionist, and a spokesperson for coeducation. Despite Oberlin’s status as the first higher-learning institution to accept black women in a co-educational space with white men, Lewis was still subject to her societal position as a black woman. She, and all female students, were rarely given the opportunity to participate in the classroom or speak at public meetings. During the 1859-60 school year, Lewis enrolled in the Young Ladies’ Preparatory Department, which was designed “to give Young Ladies facilities for the thorough mental discipline, and the special training which will qualify them for teaching and other duties of their sphere.”

During winter of 1862, several months after the start of the Civil War, Edmonia Lewis was attending Oberlin when an incident occurred between her and two classmates, Maria Miles and Christina Ennes. The three women, all boarding in Keep’s home, planned to go sleigh riding with some young men later that day. Before the sleighing, Lewis served her friends a drink of spiced wine. Shortly after, Miles and Ennes fell severely ill. Doctors examined them and concluded that the two women had some sort of poison in their system, apparently cantharides, a reputed aphrodisiac. For a time it was not certain that they would survive. Days later, it became apparent that the two women would recover from the incident, and, because of their recovery, the authorities initially took no action. There is no evidence that Lewis actually poisoned the two students, or that doctors actually found any traces of poison in the bodies of Miles and Ennes.

News of the controversial incident rapidly spread throughout the town of Oberlin, whose populace did not generally hold the same progressive views purported by the college, and through Ohio. While she was walking home alone one night, she was dragged into an open field by unknown assailants, badly beaten, and left for dead. After the attack, local authorities arrested Lewis, charging her with poisoning her friends. John Mercer Langston, an Oberlin College alumnus, and the only practicing African-American lawyer in Oberlin, represented Lewis during her trial. Although most witnesses spoke against her and she did not testify, the jury acquitted her of the charges.

The remainder of Lewis’ time at Oberlin was marked with isolation and prejudice. Also, about a year after the trial, Lewis was accused of stealing artists’ materials from the college. She was acquitted due to lack of evidence, but not fully cleared. She was forbidden from registering for her last term by the principal of the Young Ladies’ Course, Marianne Dascomb, which prevented Lewis from graduating.


Minnehaha, marble, 1868, collection of the Newark Museum

After college, Lewis moved to Boston in early 1864, where she began to pursue her career as a sculptor. The Keeps wrote a letter of introduction on Lewis’ behalf to William Lloyd Garrison in Boston, and he was able to introduce her to already established sculptors in the area, as well as writers who then publicized Lewis in the abolitionist press. Finding an instructor, however, was not easy for Lewis. Three male sculptors refused to instruct her before she was introduced to the moderately successful sculptor Edward Augustus Brackett (1818–1908), who specialized in marble portrait busts. His clients were some of the most important abolitionists of the day including Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, William Lloyd Garrison, Charles Sumner, and John Brown. To instruct her, he lent her fragments of sculptures to copy in clay, which he then critiqued. Under his tutelage, she crafted her own sculpting tools and sold her first piece, a sculpture of a woman’s hand, for $8. Anne Whitney, a fellow sculptor and friend of Lewis’, wrote in an 1864 letter to her sister that her relationship with her instructor did not end amicably. The reason for the split, however, was never mentioned. Lewis opened her studio to the public in her first solo exhibition in 1864.

Lewis was inspired by the lives of abolitionists and Civil War heroes. Her subjects in 1863 and 1864 included some of the most famous abolitionists of her day: John Brown and Colonel Robert Gould Shaw. When she met Union Colonel Robert Gould Shaw, the commander of an African American Civil War regiment from Massachusetts, she was inspired to create a bust of his likeness, which impressed the Shaw family, who purchased her homage. Lewis then made plaster cast reproductions of the bust; she sold one hundred at 15 dollars apiece. This was the most famous work to date and the money she earned from the busts allowed her to eventually move to Rome. Anna Quincy Waterston, a poet, then wrote a poem about both Lewis and Shaw.

From 1864 to 1871, Lewis was written about or interviewed by Lydia Maria Child, Elizabeth Peabody, Anna Quincy Waterston, and Laura Curtis Bullard. These were all important women in Boston and New York abolitionist circles. Because of these women, articles about Lewis appeared in important abolitionist journals including Broken Fetter, the Christian Register, and the Independent, as well as many others. Lewis was perceptive to her reception in Boston. She was not opposed to the coverage she received in the abolitionist press, and she was not known to deny monetary aid, but she could not tolerate the false praise. She knew that some did not really appreciate her art, but saw her as an opportunity to express and show their support for human rights.

Early works that proved highly popular included medallion portraits of the abolitionists John Brown and William Lloyd Garrison. Lewis also drew inspiration from Henry Wadsworth Longfellow and his work, particularly his epic poem The Song of Hiawatha. She made several busts of its leading characters, which he drew from Ojibwe legend.

The success and popularity of these works in Boston allowed Lewis to bear the cost of a trip to Rome in 1866. On her 1865 passport is written, “M. Edmonia Lewis is a Black girl sent by subscription to Italy having displayed great talents as a sculptor”. The established sculptor Hiram Powers gave her space to work in his studio. She entered a circle of expatriate artists and established her own space within the former studio of 18th-century Italian sculptor Antonio Canova. She received professional support from both Charlotte Cushman, a Boston actress and a pivotal figure for expatriate sculptors in Rome, and Maria Weston Chapman, a dedicated worker for the anti-slavery cause.

Rome was where Lewis spent most of her adult career. Italy’s less pronounced racism allowed increased opportunity to a black artist. She began sculpting in marble, working within the neoclassical manner, but focusing on naturalism within themes and images relating to black and American Indian people. The surroundings of the classical world greatly inspired her and influenced her work, in which she recreated the classical art style. For instance, she presented people in her sculptures as draped in robes rather than in contemporary clothing.

Lewis was unique in the way she approached sculpting abroad. She insisted on enlarging her clay and wax models in marble herself, rather than hire native Italian sculptors to do it for her, which was the common practice. Male sculptors were largely skeptical of the talent of female sculptors, and often accused them of not doing their own work. Harriet Hosmer, a fellow sculptor and expatriate, also did this. Lewis also was known to make sculptures before receiving commissions for them, or sent unsolicited works to Boston patrons requesting that they raise funds for materials and shipping.

While in Rome, Lewis continued to express her African-American and Native American heritage. One of her more famous works, “Forever Free”, depicted a powerful image of an African American man and women emerging from the bonds of slavery. Another sculpture Lewis created was called “The Arrow Maker”, which showed a Native American father teaching his daughter how to make an arrow.

Her work sold for large sums of money. In 1873 an article in the New Orleans Picayune stated: “Edmonia Lewis had snared two 50,000-dollar commissions.” Her new-found popularity made her studio a tourist destination. Lewis had many major exhibitions during her rise to fame, including one in Chicago, Illinois, in 1870, and in Rome in 1871.

The major coup in her career was participating in the 1876 Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia. For this, she created a monumental 3,015-pound marble sculpture, The Death of Cleopatra, which portrayed the queen in the throes of death. This piece depicts the moment popularized by Shakespeare in Antony and Cleopatra, in which Cleopatra has allowed herself to be bitten by a poisonous asp following the loss of her crown. Of the piece, J. S. Ingraham wrote that Cleopatra was “the most remarkable piece of sculpture in the American section” of the Exposition. Much of the viewing public was shocked by Lewis’s frank portrayal of death, but the statue drew thousands of viewers. Cleopatra was considered a woman of both sensuous beauty and demonic power. Her self-annihilation has been portrayed numerously in art as well as literature and cinema. In Death of Cleopatra, Edmonia Lewis added an innovative flair by portraying the Egyptian queen in a disheveled, inelegant manner, a departure from the Victorian approach of representing death Although her white contemporaries were also sculpting Cleopatra and other comparable subject matter (such as Harriet Hosmer’s Zenobia), Lewis was more prone to scrutiny on the premise of race and gender due to the fact that she, like Cleopatra, was female.

After being placed in storage, the statue was moved to the 1878 Chicago Interstate Exposition where it remained unsold. The sculpture was acquired by a gambler by the name of “Blind John” Condon who purchased it from a saloon on Clark street to mark the grave of a Racehorse named “Cleopatra”. The grave was in front of the grandstand of his Harlem race track in the Chicago suburb of Forest Park, where the sculpture remained until it was moved to a construction storage yard in Cicero. While at the storage yard, The Death of Cleopatra sustained extensive damage at the hands of well-meaning Boy Scouts who painted and caused other damage to the sculpture. Dr. James Orland, a dentist in Forest Park, and member of the Forest Park Historical Society acquired the sculpture and held it in private storage at the Forest Park Mall.

Later, Marilyn Richardson, an independent curator and scholar of African-American art who was working on a biography of Lewis, went searching for The Death of Cleopatra. Richardson was directed to the Forest Park Historical Society and Dr. Orland by the Metropolitan Museum of Art who had earlier been contacted by the historical society regarding the sculpture. Richardson, after confirming the sculpture’s location, contacted African-American bibliographer Dorothy Porter Wesley and the two gained the attention of NMAA‘s George Gurney. According to Gurney, Curator Emeritus at the Smithsonian American Art Museum, the sculpture was in a race track in Forest Park, Illinois, during World War II. Finally, the sculpture came under the purview of the Forest Park Historical Society, who donated it to Smithsonian American Art Museum in 1994. Chicago-based Andrezej Dajnowski, in conjunction with the Smithsonian, restored it to its near-original state after repairing the nose, sandals, hands, chin, and extensive “sugaring” (disintegration) at a cost of around $30,000.

A testament to Lewis’s renown as an artist came in 1877, when former US President Ulysses S. Grant commissioned her to do his portrait. He sat for her as a model and was pleased with her finished piece. She also contributed a bust of Charles Sumner to the 1895 Atlanta Exposition.

In the late 1880s, neoclassicism declined in popularity, as did the popularity of Lewis’s artwork. She continued sculpting in marble, increasingly creating altarpieces and other works for Roman Catholic patrons. In the art world, she became eclipsed by history and lost fame. By 1901 she had moved to London. The events of her later years are not known.

Lewis never married and had no known children. Her half-brother Samuel became a barber in San Francisco, eventually moving to mining camps in Idaho and Montana. In 1868, he settled in the city of Bozeman, Montana, where he set up a barber shop on Main Street. He prospered, eventually investing in commercial real estate, and subsequently built his own home which still stands at 308 South Bozeman Avenue. In 1999 the Samuel Lewis House was placed on the National Register of Historic Places. In 1884, he married Mrs. Melissa Railey Bruce, a widow with six children. The couple had one son, Samuel E. Lewis (1886–1914), who married but died childless. The elder Lewis died after “a short illness” in 1896 and is buried in Sunset Hills Cemetery in Bozeman.

She lived in the Hammersmith area of London, England, before her death on September 17, 1907, in the Hammersmith Borough Infirmary. According to her death certificate, the cause of her death was chronic Bright’s disease. She is buried in St. Mary’s Roman Catholic Cemetery, in London.

There were earlier theories that Lewis died in Rome in 1907 or, alternatively, that she had died in Marin County, California, and was buried in an unmarked grave in San Francisco, CA. In 2017, a GoFundMe by East Greenbush Town Historian Bobbie Reno was successful, and Edmonia Lewis’s grave was restored. The work was done by the E M Lander Co. in London.


HBCU : Black Colleges Historical Moments

HBCUs were created in response to racist Jim Crow laws that enforced segregation in the South. They were NOT created for whatever BS reason Betsy DeVos conjured up in her head.

Founded in 1854, Lincoln University is the nation’s first degree-granting HBCU. Though Cheyney University was founded in 1837, it served as an institution of higher learning but did not originally confer degrees.

Notable alumni of Lincoln University include Thurgood Marshall, Langston Hughes, Horace Mann Bond, Kwame Nkrumah, and Roscoe Lee Brown – just to name a few.

HBCUs played a pivotal role in the Civil Rights Movement. Find out how. The Southern Nonviolent Coordinating Committee was founded at Shaw University, a private HBCU in North Carolina, by Ella Baker – a female undergraduate at the time.


Xavier University in Louisiana housed Freedom Riders after their car was firebombed by white segregationists.

In February 1960, four students from North Carolina A&T, a public HBCU, staged a sit-in at the local Woolworth store. This set off a wave of protests led by HBCU students across the country. #TheGreensboroFour

Spelman College, an HBCU for women in Atlanta, GA has been consistently ranked as the #1 HBCU for years. Notable alumna include Marian Wright Edelman, Alice Walker, Keisha Knight Pulliam, Bernice King, and Cassi Davis.

We have Black Studies departments thank to HBCUs. In the late 1960s, HBCU students at Howard University, Cheyney State University, Bowie State University, and Tuskegee University demanded changes to their curriculum to “ensure the presence of African initiatives and experiences.” Protests took over administration offices and quickly spread across the country.

Mary Fields aka Stagecoach Mary : Black History Moments

Mary Fields, better known as “Stagecoach Mary,” was the quintessential pioneer woman  revered for her larger than life personality and speedy mail delivery by horse and carriage. Mary did it all. She wore men’s shirts and jackets, socialized with men, and smoked, drank, used a gun, but also took care of the local children, grew flowers, and wore skirts occasionally.

Mary was born into slavery around 1832, possibly in Tennessee, and as an adult worked as a chambermaid on the Mississippi steamboat, the Robert E. Lee.

Mary met Judge Edmund Dunne on the steamboat, who introduced her to his sister – Mother Amadeus.

When Mother Amadeus traveled from Ohio to joined the Jesuits at St. Peter’s Mission in Montana, Mary accompanied her and she soon became a frontier legend. Mary worked for the sisters for 10 years, raising chickens, growing vegetables, and moving supplies, but her smoking, swearing, and bickering with other hired hands got her kicked out by the local bishop. Soon after, she began delivering mail for the St. Peter’s Mission, earning the nickname “Stagecoach Mary” for her reliability and speed.